Friday, December 14, 2007

Two Civil War Families

First, I'd like to apologize for taking so long in getting back to people who e-mailed me. That particular account is my secondary account and I sometimes go several weeks without looking at it. Obviously, I must mend my ways!

Now. I thought perhaps it was time I started putting some names and dates here, and I mentioned I was going to enter some information about relatives of mine who fought in the Civil war, so here's the first installment:

Browns Corners, Huntington Co., Indiana, 1860: Sometime between 1850 and 1860, William H. Boston moved his family from Fairfield Co., OH to Huntington Co., IN, by ox-cart according to the obituary of his son Jacob. The family consisted of

  • William H., b. abt. 1801, maybe Virginia, maybe Maryland
  • his wife Rachel Rader, b. 1804 in Virginia
  • daughter Mary, b. 1830, Fairfield Co., OH
  • daughter Lucinda, b. 1834, Fairfield Co., OH
  • son John A., b. 1838, Fairfield Co., OH
  • son Jacob, b. 1840, Fairfield Co., OH
  • son William H., b. 1842, Fairfield Co., OH
The elder William was a wheelwright, and his three sons worked as carpenters. In 1862, the oldest son, John, enlisted with the 100th Ohio Infantry, Co. E. The regiment's history, according to the National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors site (
Organized at Toledo, Ohio, July to September, 1862. Ordered to Cincinnati, Ohio, September 8, thence to Covington, Ky., and duty there till October 8. to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of the Ohio, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Kentucky, to January, 1863. District of Central Kentucky, Dept. Ohio, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army Ohio, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 23rd Army Corps, to August, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1865. SERVICE.-Ordered to Lexington, Ky., October 8, 1862, thence to Richmond, Ky., December 1, and to Danville, Ky., December 26. To Frankfort, Ky., January 3, 1863. Duty at various points in Central Kentucky till August. Expedition to Monticello and operations in Southeastern Kentucky April 26-May 12. Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee August 16-October 17. Telford Station and Limestone September 8. (240 men captured at Telford Station while guarding railroad.) Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 5. Pursuit to Blain's Cross Roads. Duty at Blain's Cross May 1-September 8. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cartersville May 20. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Cheyney's Farm June 22. Near Marietta June 23. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Duty at Decatur till October 4. Pursuit of Hood into Northern Alabama October 4-26. Nashville Campaign November-December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. At Clifton, Tenn., till January 16, 1865. Movement to Washington, D. C., thence to Federal Point, N. C., January 16-February 9. Fort Anderson February 18-19. Town Creek February 19-20. Capture of Wilmington February 22. Campaign of the Carolinas March-April. Advance on Goldsboro, N. C., March 6-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 21. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Near Raleigh April 13. Bennett's House April 26. army. Duty at Greensboro, N. C. till June. Mustered out June 20, and discharged at Cleveland, Ohio, July 1, 1865.

John returned to his family in Indiana after the War, where he worked as a "house-joiner" in 1870. Then I lose him until 1900, when he's living in the Dayton Military Home, Montgomery Co., OH, and where he died in 1918; he's buried in the Dayton National Cemetery. (Here's a link to a virtual tour of the old Dayton Military Home, now the Dayton VAMC: I haven't been able to learn whether John was ever married: I haven't been able to locate him anywhere in the 1880 census, while the 1900 and 1910 censuses show him as being a widower, and his death certificate indicates he was single.

The middle son, Jacob, enlisted with the 153rd Indiana Infantry, Co. C, in 1865.
Organized at Indianapolis, Ind., March 1, 1865. Left State for Nashville, Tenn., March 5. Stopped at Louisville, Ky., while en route and sent to Russellsville, Ky. Operating against guerillas in vicinity of Russellsville till June. Lyons County April 29 (Detachment). Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 16, and duty at Taylor's Barracks till September. Mustered out September 4, 1865.

Jacob somehow met Mary Meyer of Brunswick, Chariton Co., MO, married her, and returned to Browns Corners, where he lived and raised a family until about 1882 or 1883, when he moved his family to his wife's hometown. He died in 1932.

I haven't been able to ascertain whether the youngest brother, William, served in the War or not. There is a William Boston in the roster of the 10th Indiana Light Artillery, and one in the 8th Ohio Infantry. He died young, apparently unmarried, in 1872.

Lafayette Co., MO, 1860 - Sometime between 1840 and 1850, Alexander Richard Brown moved his family from Breckinridge Co., KY, to Lafayette Co., MO. The family consisted of:
  • Alexander Richard Brown, b. 1795, Virginia
  • his wife, Harriett A., b. 1808, KY. I believe her maiden name may have been Colville, and that she had Hales connections, but haven't yet been able to prove either idea
  • daughter Elizabeth, b. 1838, KY
  • son John Hales, b. 1840, KY
  • daughter Harriett A., b. 1842, KY
  • son Alexander Richard, b. 1844, KY
  • son James Oscar, b. 1846, KY
  • daughter Sarah Louise, b. 1848, MO
  • son Colville G., b. 1850, MO

In 1862, oldest son John enlisted with the 3rd Regiment Missouri Infantry Volunteers, Co. F.

3rd Infantry Regiment [also called 2nd Regiment] was organized near Springfield,
Missouri, in January, 1862. Many of the men were from St. Louis and Jefferson
and Franklin counties. The unit soon moved east of the Mississippi River and was
active in the engagements at
Iuka and Corinth. Later it was assigned to Bowen's Brigade, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. The 3rd fought in various conflicts during the Vicksburg siege and was captured on July 4, 1863. Exchanged and assigned to General Cockrell's Brigade, it was consolidated with the 5th Regiment. This command participated in the Atlanta Campaign, endured Hood's winter operations in Tennessee, then aided in the defense of Mobile. The 3rd lost 5 killed, 65 wounded, and 23 missing at Corinth, had 13 killed, 63 wounded, and 44 missing at Champion's Hill, and during the Vicksburg siege had 18 killed and 83 wounded. In the Atlanta Campaign, May 18 to September 5, the 3rd/5th reported 128 casualties and 68 at Allatoona. Very few surrendered in May, 1865. Its commanders were Colonels William R. Gause, James A. Prichard, and Benjamin A. Rives; Lieutenant Colonels Finley L. Hubbell and James K. McDowell, and Major Robert J. Williams.

The two middle Brown boys, Alexander Richard (who sometimes appears in records as Alex and sometimes as Richard) and James Oscar (frequently listed as J.O., sometimes as Oscar), signed up with Co. C., Elliot's Regiment.

Col. Benjamin Elliott's Cavalry regiment was also known as the "1st Missouri Cavalry Battalion" or the "10th Missouri Cavalry Regiment" as well as the 9th Missouri Cavalry. 1st Cavalry Regiment was formed during summer of 1861. Many of its members had served with the Missouri State Guard. The unit fought at Elkhorn Tavern, then moved east of the Mississippi River and was dismounted. After fighting at Iuka and Corinth, it was assigned to M.E. Green's Brigade, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. It took an active part in the fight at Big Black River Bridge and on July 4, 1863, was captured at Vicksburg . After the exchange it was assigned to General Cockrell's Brigade, and consolidated with the 3rd (Samuel's) Missouri Cavalry Battalion. It fought with the Army of Tennessee throughout the Atlanta Campaign and was part of Hood's operations in Tennessee. Later it was involved in the defense of Mobile. On May 4, 1862, the regiment contained 536 effectives and lost 9 killed and 54 wounded at Corinth. The 1st/3rd Battalion reported 25 killed, 80 wounded, and 3 missing during the Atlanta Campaign and sustained 56 casualties at Allatoona. The small command surrendered with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. The field officers were Colonel Elijah Gates; Lieutenant Colonels Richard B. Chiles, George W. Law, and William D. Maupin; and Majors Robert R. Lawther and William C. Parker.

The youngest boy, Colville, was not necessarily too young to have served, perhaps as a drummer, but I haven't found any indication that he ever enlisted.

Alex and Oscar married and raised families in Lafayette Co., MO. Alex and his wife Julia were admitted to the Confederate Veterans Home in Higginsville, MO; Alex died in 1928 and is buried in the Higginsville Confederate Cemetery. (

J.O. had 5 sons, but in 1910 is living with one of Alex's daughters and her family. He applied for a Confederate pension from the State of Missouri in 1914. I haven't been able to find a death certificate for him, nor have I been able to find him or any of his sons in the 1920 census, in
Missouri or any other state, but the search continues.

Young Colville went to live with his eldest brother John after the death of their mother, and died in 1876. He's buried in the Brown Family Cemetery in Chariton Co., MO.

John married Drucilla Raiford Agee of Brunswick, Chariton Co., MO, where he farmed his mother-in-law's land. The couple had 5 children, only one of whom survived to adulthood. John died in 1907.

Being an incurable romantic, I love the parallels between the two families--both families making a long and arduous move to new territory at about the same time, sons from one family fighting for the Union and from the other for the Confederacy and being at the same place at least once (the siege of Atlanta), one brother from each family ending his days in a veterans' home and being buried on the grounds, the youngest son in each family dying young.

And the best part? John Hales Brown's son Lon married Jacob Boston's daughter Nora, and they became my great-grandparents.

(If you have any questions about any of the principals mentioned above, please contact me, as I have more information about the various Browns and Bostons.)